Back pain is very common. 85% of people will suffer from back pain at some point in their lives. In most cases low back pain can be treated with conservative (nonsurgical) methods. Problems can be avoided by knowing what causes the pain and what to do to prevent it.
Common back injuries
The discs in the lumbar spine are designed to transfer load. Occasionally with sustained bending or with trauma the disc may become damaged. This can cause back and sometimes leg pain (“sciatic pain”) and other nerve related symptoms in the legs.
Ligament/ facet joint sprain and muscle spasm
These injuries are often caused by heavy lifting, prolonged bending or sporting injuries. The joints in the lower back can be overstretched, and the muscles surrounding the spine can become tight and spasm to help protect your back.
Postural back pain
Poor posture is one of the most common causes of back pain. Sleeping position, poor work station set-up, standing and sitting posture may all be contributing factors. Typically patients presenting with postural back pain need to address muscle imbalances, and often work on core stability.
Back pain and stiffness may develop from ‘wear and tear’ to the spinal joints and discs. These degenerative changes are typically gradual in onset and may be aggravated by long periods of standing.
A thorough physiotherapy assessment for back pain will allow diagnosis and identify the underlying causes for the problem. Our highly experienced physiotherapists can tailor a treatment programme to meet your goals.
For more information contact one of our expert physiotherapists.